ID 2226
File
Authors
Aika, Noriko
Keywords
breast
cancer
elastography
mass screening
ultrasonography
Abstract
Helminth parasites are known to elicit the immune response towards T helper 2 (Th2)-type, characterized by Th2 related cytokines, that typically include interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-5 and IL-13. In this review we will describe the mechanisms involved in helminth induced Th2 immune response. Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) produce thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), which is both necessary and sufficient for the initiation of Th2 cytokine-driven inflammation. IL-33 mRNA is expressed early during parasite infection and IL-33 binds ST2 receptor, both of which are associated with optimal CD4+ Th2 polarization. Following innate immune cell recognition, basophils and mast cell can secrete Th2 type cytokines that are thought to contribute to CD4+ Th2 differentiation. Additionaly, dendritic cell conditioned with some helminth products can promote CD4+ Th2 differentiation. Alternatively activated macrophages, activated by the Th2 cytokines IL-4 and IL-13 in parasitic infections, contribute to the host protective response: control of Th1-type inflammation, wound healing and worm expulsion. Experimentally, helminths have been associated with protection against a number of autoimmune disorders, including inflammatory bowel diseases and type 1 diabetes. It may be a novel strategy to ameliorate autoimmune inflammation by expanding and activating the Th2 response originated from parasites.
Publisher
Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
Content Type
Journal Article
ISSN・ISBN
1346-8049
NCID
AA00892882
Journal Title
Yonago Acta medica
Current Journal Title
Yonago Acta medica
Volume
52
Issue
4
Start Page
115
End Page
120
Published Date
2009-12
Text Version
Publisher
Rights
Yonago Acta medica 編集委員会
Citation
Yonago Acta medica. 2009, 52(4), 115-120
Language
English