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Authors
Okuda, Reiko Department of Fundamental Nursing, School of Health Science, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine Tottori University Researchers
Fukada, Mika Department of Fundamental Nursing, School of Health Science, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine Tottori University Researchers KAKEN Search Researchers
Keywords
basic social competency
relevant factors
university nursing students
Abstract
Background: Basic social competency is defined as the fundamental ability necessary for working with diverse people in the workplace and community. This study aimed to clarify the differences in the basic social competency of university nursing students by year of study, and related factors.
Methods: The subjects were 305 first- to fourth-year university nursing students. A survey was conducted using a self-completed questionnaire. Analyses were performed by comparing basic social competency amongst different years of study, calculating correlation coefficients of occupational readiness and development of personalization and socialization with basic social competency, and multiple regression analysis of factors influencing basic social competency.
Results: The subjects analyzed were the 162 students who returned the questionnaire (the recovery rate was 53.1%, and the response rate was 100%). Basic social competency tended to decrease in second-year students and subsequently improved in fourth-year students. Specifically, the scores of Action and Teamwork were significantly high in fourth-year students. In addition, the correlation coefficient between occupational readiness and basic social competency was r = 0.566 (P = 0.01), r = 0.615 for the individual orientedness (P = 0.01), and r = 0.542 for the social orientedness (P = 0.01); and significant correlations were observed in these relevant factors. Multiple regression analyses revealed that basic social competency were influenced by occupational readiness, individual orientedness, and social orientedness (R2 = 0.47, F = 15.14, P = 0.00).
Conclusion: Basic social competency for university nursing students was significantly higher in fourth-year students, and the correlation with basic social competency was strong in the categories of occupational readiness and the development of personalization and socialization. It was suggested that clinical practice experiences promoted students’ personal growth and socialization while preparing to take a nursing job and affected the development of basic social competency.
Publisher
Tottori University Medical Press
Content Type
Journal Article
Link
ISSN・ISBN
05135710
NCID
AA00892882
Journal Title
Yonago Acta Medica
Current Journal Title
Yonago Acta Medica
Volume
62
Issue
2
Start Page
211
End Page
220
Published Date
2019-06-20
Publisher-DOI
Text Version
Publisher
Rights
注があるものを除き、この著作物は日本国著作権法により保護されています。 / This work is protected under Japanese Copyright Law unless otherwise noted.
Citation
Reiko Okuda, Mika Fukada, The Differences in Basic Social Competency and Relevant Factors Based on Years of Study Amongst University Nursing Students, Yonago Acta Medica, 2019, Volume 62, Issue 2, Pages 211-220
Department
Faculty of Medicine/Graduate School of Medical Sciences/University Hospital
Language
English