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Authors
Nishio, Ikuko Faculty of Nursing, Soka University KAKEN Search Researchers
Chujo, Masami Department of Adult and Elderly Nursing, School of Health Science, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine Tottori University Researchers KAKEN Search Researchers
Keywords
adults
self-concept
self-image
type 1 diabetes
Abstract
【Background】 In this study, we aim to highlight the transformation of self-image in patients with type 1 diabetes after diagnosis. Our objective in examining the self-image of these patients is to provide practical insights for nursing, as well as a basic reference for understanding patients.
【Methods】 The participants were 15 patients (2 men and 13 women) over 20 years of age who visited an outpatient setting to treat type 1 diabetes and had no serious complications, and who agreed to participate in the study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted 1–2 times, with a duration of 60–75 minutes per person, from February 2016 to March 2017. We drew on Krippendorff’s (1999) content analysis to carry out our analysis.
【Results】 We identified a total of 107 codes. The self-image of patients with type 1 diabetes was categorized into 8 subcategories and 4 categories. The 4 categories were ‘the wavering of a self-image that is distinct from the past,’ ‘loss of former self-image,’ ‘discovery of a new self-image,’ and ‘developing a new self-image.’ Ultimately, we were able to extract a fifth core category, ‘acquisition of a new self-image.’
【Conclusion】 The self-image of patients with type 1 diabetes transformed from a negative to a positive one; ultimately, patients acquired a new self-image that was congruent with their ideal self-image. Our results showed that the new self-image that patients acquired through various experiences influenced motivation for treatment and continuation of self-care. When caring for patients with type 1 diabetes, it is crucial for healthcare professionals be aware of the meaning that patients derive from their disease and related difficulties, as well as to provide care while considering patients’ self-image.
Publisher
Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
Content Type
Journal Article
ISSN・ISBN
13468049
NCID
AA00892882
Journal Title
Yonago Acta Medica
Current Journal Title
Yonago Acta Medica
Volume
61
Issue
3
Start Page
160
End Page
165
Published Date
2018
Text Version
Publisher
Rights
注があるものを除き、この著作物は日本国著作権法により保護されています。
Citation
Yonago Acta Medica. 2018, 61(3), 160-165
Department
Faculty of Medicine/Graduate School of Medical Sciences/University Hospital
Language
English