ID 7504
File
Authors
Tanimura, Chika School of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Researchers DB KAKEN
Aoto, Haruka School of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Researchers DB KAKEN
Kobayashi, Nobuyuki Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University
Majbauddin, Abir Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University
Morita, Tetsuji Department of Rehabilitation Daisen Rehabilitation Hospital
Otani, Shinji International Platform for Dryland Research and Education, Tottori University Researchers DB KAKEN
Inoue, Kazuoki Department of Community-based Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Researchers DB
Tokushima, Yasuko School of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Researchers DB KAKEN
Fukada, Mika School of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Researchers DB KAKEN
Hanaki, Keiichi School of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Researchers DB KAKEN
Sakai, Chieko School of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Researchers DB KAKEN
Okura, Tsuyoshi Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Researchers DB KAKEN
Kageyama, Seiji Division of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Researchers DB KAKEN
Kurozawa, Youichi Division of Health Administration and Promotion, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Researchers DB KAKEN
Flores, Reynaldo Mayor Juan R. Sanchez Memorial Health Center
Raymundo, Ronaldo Municipal Health Office
Keywords
knowledge
patient education
peer influence
self-efficacy
type 2 diabetes
Abstract
[Background] Training peer leaders to deliver patient education is expected to be a low-cost approach to providing healthcare in urban-poor areas affected by a shortage of healthcare professionals. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a training program on the self-efficacy and knowledge of peer leaders with type 2 diabetes. [Methods] A single-group longitudinal survey with baseline, intervention, and follow-up periods was conducted at a diabetes clinic in a small municipality in Metro Manila, Philippines. The intervention, a self-efficacy theory-based training program for peer-leaders of diabetic patients conducted in August 2017, comprised hands-on learning, demonstrations, quizzes, role-playing, group sharing, physical exercise, and a buffet lunch. The primary outcome was participants’ self-efficacy for management of their diabetes. Secondary outcomes were participants’ knowledge of diabetes and levels of emotional distress, motivation, and confidence for guiding their peers, satisfaction with the training program, hemoglobin A1c, and quality of life. [Results] At 12 and 18 months after the intervention, participants’ knowledge of diabetes was significantly increased compared with baseline (both P < 0.05). At earlier time points, an increasing, but not significant, trend was observed. The change in knowledge of diabetes from baseline to 18 months after intervention tended to be positively correlated with the change in self-efficacy (r = 0.594, P = 0.054). No significant differences were observed for any of the other outcomes, although the descriptive statistics showed an increasing trend for all of the outcomes except motivation. [Conclusion] The training program significantly improved participants’ knowledge of diabetes at 12 and 18 months after the training programs compared with baseline. A positive correlation between the changes in the levels of knowledge and self-efficacy suggested that the observed improvement of self-efficacy was facilitated by the improvement of knowledge of diabetes.
Publisher
Tottori University Medical Press
Content Type
Journal Article
Link
ISSN
0513-5710
EISSN
1346-8049
NCID
AA00892882
Journal Title
Yonago Acta Medica
Current Journal Title
Yonago Acta Medica
Volume
63
Issue
4
Start Page
282
End Page
293
Journal Section
Original Articles
Published Date
2020-11-24
Publisher-DOI
Text Version
Publisher
Rights
注があるものを除き、この著作物は日本国著作権法により保護されています。 / This work is protected under Japanese Copyright Law unless otherwise noted.
Citation
Tanimura Chika, Aoto Haruka, Kobayashi Nobuyuki, et al. Effects of a Self-efficacy Theory?Based Training Program for Peers of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. 2020, 63(4). 282-293. doi:10.33160/yam.2020.11.006
Department
Faculty of Medicine/Graduate School of Medical Sciences/University Hospital
Language
English