ID 817
File
Authors
Keywords
dendritic cell
griseofulvin
immunohistochemistry
Kupffer cell
protoporphyria
Abstract
To determine whether protoporphyric liver injury affects hepatic dendritic cells (DC) and Kupffer cells, we examined liver tissues of griseofulvin-induced protoporphyric mice using histological and immunohistochemical methods. After 1 week of griseofulvin feeding, the protoporphyric liver showed prominent hepatomegaly and a gradual increase in histopathological changes such as hepatocellular hypertrophy, focal necrosis and brown pigment deposits. After 4 weeks of treatment, marked ductular reaction was observed in the liver tissue. Immunohistochemical analyses indicated that the density of NLDC-145-positive hepatic DC gradually decreased during griseofulvin feeding. However, the index of the number of DC in the whole liver appeared to fall sharply after 6 weeks. In contrast, the density of F4/80-positive Kupffer cells gradually increased during griseofulvin feeding. In the spleen and lung, no significant differences were noted in the distribution of NLDC-145-positive DC between experimental and control mice. These results suggested that griseofulvin-induced protoporphyria leads to a specific decrease in the density of hepatic DC due to hepatomegaly until 4 weeks of treatment and is substantial after 6 weeks. This substantial decrease of hepatic DC might have been induced by some alterations in protoporphyric liver injury including ductular reaction at a later stage in this experiment. Since hepatic DC were reduced in number, they seemed to have no significant relation to the progression of griseofulvin-induced protoporphyric liver injury. However, the decrease of hepatic DC might affect the cellular immune response in protoporphyria.
Publisher
Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
Content Type
Journal Article
ISSN
1346-8049
NCID
AA00892882
Journal Title
Yonago Acta medica
Current Journal Title
Yonago Acta medica
Volume
44
Issue
1
Start Page
7
End Page
16
Published Date
2001-03
Text Version
Publisher
Rights
Yonago Acta medica 編集委員会
Citation
Yonago Acta medica. 2001, 44(1), 7-16
Department
Faculty of Medicine/Graduate School of Medical Sciences/University Hospital
Language
English