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Authors
Takeda, Shinya Department of Clinical Psychology, Tottori University Graduate School of Medical Sciences Researchers DB KAKEN
Banno, Yuka The Center for Comprehensive Care and Research on Memory Disorders, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology
Sugimoto, Taiki The Center for Comprehensive Care and Research on Memory Disorders, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology
Fujii, Fumi The Center for Comprehensive Care and Research on Memory Disorders, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology
Kimura, Ai The Center for Comprehensive Care and Research on Memory Disorders, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology
Sakurai, Takashi The Center for Comprehensive Care and Research on Memory Disorders, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology
Keywords
cognitive functions
communication
fidelity
training program on neuropsychological test
Abstract
Background: There will probably be an exponential increase in the number of seniors suffering from dementia, as aging is the greatest risk factor for this disease. Therefore, neuropsychological tests to assessing dementia are likely to play an increasingly important role for medical services in Japan. This study developed and evaluated the usefulness of a training program on neuropsychological tests aimed at promoting the understanding of testers with regard to the cognitive functions and communication required in the neuropsychological testing process.
Methods: The subjects of this study comprised 20 individuals engaged in administrating neuropsychological tests at the Japan-Multidomain Intervention Trial for Prevention of Dementia in Older Adults with Diabetes. A four-hour training session was held. The first part of the training program focused on “cognitive functions and communication;” the second addressed “neuropsychological tests.” As the main evaluation criteria, a fidelity checklist was created with 14 items designed to measure success or failure with regard to important and easily mistakable aspects of implementing each neuropsychological test. They were conducted three times: before, immediately after, and six months after the training.
Results: The main effect of time was significant for the “fidelity” score. The effect size was large at η2 = 0.69. A simple main effect test using the Bonferroni method revealed significant differences between the pre-training and post-training values and between the pre-training and six-month point values. However, no significant differences were found in self-efficacy scores before, immediately after, and six months after the training.
Conclusion: This outcome indicates that the fidelity of the subjects to neuropsychological tests increased as a result of the training program, and that this improvement was maintained through the six-month period following the program. Moreover, the large effect size suggests that the training program may be effective in facilitating the mastery of neuropsychological tests in testers.
Publisher
Tottori University Medical Press
Content Type
Journal Article
Link
ISSN
05135710
NCID
AA00892882
Journal Title
Yonago Acta Medica
Current Journal Title
Yonago Acta Medica
Volume
62
Issue
4
Start Page
278
End Page
284
Original Article
Published Date
2019-11-22
Publisher-DOI
Text Version
Publisher
Rights
注があるものを除き、この著作物は日本国著作権法により保護されています。 / This work is protected under Japanese Copyright Law unless otherwise noted.
Citation
Takeda S, Banno Y, Sugimoto T, Fujii F, Kimura A, Sakurai T. The Effectiveness of Training Programs on the Fidelity of Neuropsychological Tests. Yonago Acta Medica. 2019;62:278-284.
Department
Faculty of Medicine/Graduate School of Medical Sciences/University Hospital
Language
English