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Authors
Itami, Nanase Division of Medical Zoology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
Kondo, Yoko Division of Medical Zoology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine Researchers DB
Tademoto, Sayuri Technical Department, Tottori University
Ito, Daisuke Division of Medical Zoology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine / Tottori Medical Career Support Center, Tottori University Hospital Researchers DB KAKEN
Otsuki, Hitoshi Division of Medical Zoology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine Researchers DB KAKEN
Keywords
alternative activation
gene expression
macrophage
semi-quantitative RT-PCR
Trichinella spiralis
Abstract
Background: Trichinellosis is a serious zoonosis with a worldwide distribution. Fecund adult worms in the intestine release newborn larvae (NBL) that enter the general circulation from 4 days post infection (dpi). Alternatively activated macrophages in the peritoneal cavities and the diaphragms in Trichinella spiralis infected mice have been reported. However, a role of newborn larvae is poorly understood.

Methods: The total numbers of peritoneal macrophages in mice infected with 500 muscle-stage larvae were counted during early infection and then total RNA was extracted. Peritoneal macrophages from uninfected C57BL/6 mice were incubated with IL-4 or LPS as a control, or co-cultured with live NBL, and peritoneal macrophages were obtained from mice injected with live or frozen dead NBL into peritoneal cavity. Total RNA was extracted from these macrophages. Two types of gene expression, classical and alternative activation, were examined in the macrophages and diaphragms of the infected mice using semi-quantitative reverse transcription-PCR.

Results: The number of peritoneal macrophages in T. spiralis infected mice increased significantly. mRNA peak expression of alternative activation markers, Ym1 and arginase-1 (Arg1), was confirmed in the peritoneal macrophages and in diaphragm of mice around 15 dpi, while mRNA expression of classical activation markers, TNFα, IP-10, and iNOS was not detected. Injection of live NBL into the peritoneal cavities induced mRNA expression of Ym1 and Arg1 in the peritoneal macrophages of mice 9 dpi. However, dead NBL did not induce such gene expression. Alternative activation was not detected in the peritoneal macrophages co-cultured with NBL in vitro.

Conclusion: Gene expression of alternative activation makers, Ym1 and Arg1, was confirmed in the peritoneal macrophages and diaphragms of mice infected with T. spiralis. However, gene expression of classical activation markers was not detected. Live NBL induced an alternative activation of peritoneal macrophages in vivo, but not in vitro.
Publisher
Tottori University Medical Press
Content Type
Journal Article
Link
ISSN
05135710
NCID
AA00892882
Journal Title
Yonago Acta Medica
Current Journal Title
Yonago Acta Medica
Volume
63
Issue
1
Start Page
34
End Page
41
Original Article
Published Date
2020-02-20
Publisher-DOI
Text Version
Publisher
Rights
注があるものを除き、この著作物は日本国著作権法により保護されています。 / This work is protected under Japanese Copyright Law unless otherwise noted.
Citation
Nanase Itami, Yoko Kondo, Sayuri Tademoto, Daisuke Ito, Soji Fukumoto, Hitoshi Otsuki, Alternative Activation of Macrophages in Mice Peritoneal Cavities and Diaphragms by Newborn Larvae of Trichinella spiralis, Yonago Acta Medica, 2020, Volume 63, Issue 1, Pages 34-41, Released February 20, 2020
Department
Faculty of Medicine/Graduate School of Medical Sciences/University Hospital
Language
English