フルテキストファイル
著者
Horie Takuya Division of Clinical Laboratory, Tottori University Hospital
Burioka Naoto Department of Pathological Science and Technology, School of Health Science, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine 研究者総覧 KAKEN
Amisaki Takashi Department of Biological Regulation, School of Health Science, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine 研究者総覧 KAKEN
Shimizu Eiji Division of Medical Oncology and Molecular Respirology, Department of Multidisciplinary Internal edicine, School of Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine KAKEN
キーワード
atrial fibrillation
electrocardiogram
sample entropy
time-series data
抄録
【Background】 Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an arrhythmia commonly encountered in clinical practice. There is a high risk of thromboembolism in patients with AF. Nonlinear analyses such as electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), and respiratory movement have been used to quantify biological signals, and sample entropy (SampEn) has been employed as a statistical measure to evaluate complex systems. In this study, we examined the values of SampEn in ECG signals for patients with and without AF to measure the regularity and complexity.
【Methods】 ECG signals of lead II were recorded from 34 subjects without arrhythmia and 15 patients with chronic AF in a supine position. The ECG signals were converted into time-series data and SampEn was calculated.
【Results】 The SampEn values for the group without arrhythmia were 0.252 ± 0.114 [time lag (τ) = 1] and 0.533 ± 0.163 (τ = 5), and those for the chronic AF group were 0.392 ± 0.158 (τ = 1) and 0.759 ± 0.246 (τ = 5). The values of SampEn were significantly higher in the group with chronic AF than in the group without arrhythmia (P < 0.01 for τ = 1, P < 0.004 for τ = 5). The constructed three-dimensional vectors were plotted in time-delayed three-dimensional space. We used time lags of τ = 5 and τ = 1. The shape of the loops of the three-dimensional space was better for τ = 5.
【Conclusion】 The values of SampEn from ECG for chronic AF patients were higher than for subjects without arrhythmia, suggesting greater complexity for the time-series from chronic AF patients. SampEn is considered a new index for evaluating complex systems in ECG.
出版者
Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
ISSN
1346-8049
書誌ID
AA00892882
掲載誌名
Yonago Acta Medica
最新掲載誌名
Yonago Acta Medica
61
1
開始ページ
49
終了ページ
57
発行日
2018-03-28
著作権表記
注があるものを除き、この著作物は日本国著作権法により保護されています。 / This work is protected under Japanese Copyright Law unless otherwise noted.
掲載情報
Yonago Acta Medica. 2018, 61(1), 49-57
部局名
医学部・医学系研究科・医学部附属病院
言語
英語