フルテキストファイル
著者
Yakura Noriko Department of Nursing, Tottori University, Institute of Medical Care Technology KAKEN
Kasagi Tsunakiyo Department of Nursing, Tottori University, Institute of Medical Care Technology KAKEN
Hiroe Kaori Division of Nursing, University Hospital, Tottori University
キーワード
body shape evaluation
weight-reducing behavior
mothers
nursing babies
wish to be thinner
抄録
Many women who have dieted in adolescence seem to become mothers without correcting their obesity-biased perceptions of the body. This study estimated the number of such mothers and analyzed the problems in their nursing: 1496 mothers to 790 babies aged 4 months and 706 children aged 18 months completed questionnaires addressing mothers' images of their own and their children's body, mothers' behaviors to reduce children's weight, their behavior patterns and mothers' experiences to reduce their own weight. The level of obesity was calculated with the body mass index (BMI) (weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) from the measurements of children's and mothers' body weight and height. Body image was distorted most in mothers for themselves, and then for babies and children: 23.2% and 58.2% of nonobese babies (BMI: 18 and 19, respectively) and 23.2% of nonobese children (BMI: 17) were regarded as obese. Mothers' objective evaluation by referring to the percentile values was less frequent than expected, and subjective evaluation such as "compared with other children" was noted. Weight reducing was practiced in 7.7% of nonobese babies and 17.2% of nonobese children. The high percentage level was due to mothers' body shape evaluation biased to obesity and worry about children's possible future obesity. In 10.5% of the babies and 11.8% of the children, the mothers took extreme dieting measures that could inhibit normal growth of children, such as diluting the concentration of breast milk or formula, reducing the frequency and amount of feeding, etc. Health participants should make young mothers understand the difference of fatness in nursing babies from adolescent obesity through health guidance given individually to mothers on any occasion. Furthermore, considering the effects of mass media, health participants should actively offer related information in printed matter familiar to mothers.
出版者
Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
ISSN
1346-8049
書誌ID
AA00892882
掲載誌名
Yonago Acta medica
最新掲載誌名
Yonago Acta medica
40
3
開始ページ
137
終了ページ
145
発行日
1997-11
著者版フラグ
出版社版
著作権表記
Yonago Acta medica 編集委員会
掲載情報
Yonago Acta medica. 1997, 40(3), 137-145
部局名
医学部・医学系研究科・医学部附属病院
言語
英語