フルテキストファイル
著者
Nomura Kazuyo Faculty of Education, Tokoha University
Yamaguchi Mihoko Yonago Child Guidance Center
Yokoyama Madoka Tottori Prefecture
Shiota Madoka Tottori Prefecture Rehabilitation Center for children with disabilities
Ohno Kousaku Sanin Rosai Hospital
Maegaki Yoshihiro Division of Child Neurology, Department of Brain and Neurosciences, School of Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine 研究者総覧 KAKEN
キーワード
autism spectrum disorder
intellectual disabilities
incidence
related factors
抄録
Background Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) with intellectual disabilities may be associated with many factors. This study focused on patients with ASD with intellectual disabilities, defined by a threshold intelligence quotient (IQ) or development quotient (DQ) of 70. We also discuss comorbidities and other factors related to ASD.

Methods We extracted case records of patients born between April 1995 and March 2001 who lived in Yonago City, as of January 2011, and had visited the two specialist institutions for consultation regarding developmental issues. The list was further narrowed down to patients identified, as having ASD by pediatric neurologists based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) (DSM-5). We selected patients with < IQ/DQ 70 using the most recent intelligence/development test to determine comorbidities and other factors related to ASD.

Results The data of 81 patients (59 males and 22 females) were extracted, corresponding to an incidence of 76.2 patients out of every 10,000 births. The male-to-female ratio was 2.7:1. Comorbidities and related factors of ASD were observed in 25 cases (30.9%). Eleven cases had perinatal abnormalities. Other abnormalities were observed in 17 cases, including epilepsies in 7, chromosomal abnormalities in 4, familial mental retardation in 1, and acquired brain injury in 1.

Conclusion It is important to treat and support individuals with ASD and intellectual disabilities taking into account the characteristics and prognosis of the comorbidities and related factors.
出版者
Tottori University Medical Press
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
外部リンク
ISSN・ISBN
0513-5710
書誌ID
AA00892882
掲載誌名
Yonago Acta Medica
最新掲載誌名
Yonago Acta Medica
62
1
開始ページ
8
終了ページ
13
発行日
2019-03-28
出版者DOI
著者版フラグ
出版社版
著作権表記
注があるものを除き、この著作物は日本国著作権法により保護されています。 / This work is protected under Japanese Copyright Law unless otherwise noted.
掲載情報
Yonago Acta Medica. 2019, 62(1), 8-13
部局名
医学部・医学系研究科・医学部附属病院
言語
英語