cb69_184.pdf 951 KB
Matsumoto, Takeo Nagoya Institute of Technology / Nagoya University
muscle fiber bundle
BackgroundThe mechanical characterization of skeletal muscle under high-rate loading regimes is important for predicting traumatic injuries due to traffic accidents and contact sports. However, it is difficult to perform dynamic mechanical tests at rates relevant to such rapid loading events. MethodsIn the present study, a series of stress relaxation tests were conducted on rabbit hind-limb muscle fiber bundles using a custom tensile tester. Using relatively moderate loading conditions compared to those typically associated with traumatic injuries, the passive stress-decaying mechanical properties of muscle fiber bundles were characterized. In addition, stress relaxation responses to various ramp-hold stretches were theoretically predicted by a custom-built code. FindingsThe results showed that the muscle fiber bundles exhibit greater stress relaxation at higher loading rates and greater stretch magnitudes. Based on these results, the data points representing the “elastic” stress–strain tensile behavior typical of traumatic injury were extrapolated using curve fitting. The theoretical model revealed rate-dependent characteristics of the muscle fiber bundles under traumatic loading conditions, which would result in tensile strengths of 300–500 kPa at the maximum engineering strain of 54%. This strength is on the order of magnitude as the maximum isometric stress of an active muscle contraction. InterpretationThe proposed numerical model is expected to serve as a powerful research tool to investigate injury mechanisms of the skeletal muscle. Moreover, the elastic response that was theoretically predicted here will be useful in the development of effective countermeasures to prevent traumatic injuries due to rapid loading events.
(C) 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Tamura, Atsutaka. Hongu, Jun-ichi. Matsumoto, Takeo. et al. Theoretical elastic tensile behavior of muscle fiber bundles in traumatic loading events. Clinical Biomechanics. 69. 184-190. 2019-10-31.