フルテキストファイル
著者
Yajima Hiroki Third Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University
Tomita Katsuyuki Third Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University
Hitsuda Yutaka Third Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University
キーワード
asthma
dendritic cells
histocompatibility leukocyte antigen-deoxyribose
house dust mite
mannose receptor
抄録
Dendritic cells (DCs) are one type of important inflammatory cells in the pathogenesis of asthma for early response to allergen exposure. Monocyte-derived DCs (MoDCs) are characterized by a high antigen uptake capacity and poor T-cell stimulatory activity, both features of immature DCs. By stimulation with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or antigen capture, these cells differentiate into mature DCs with the disappearance of antigen-capturing regions, and increase in stimulatory activity. We measured the expression of some molecules on MoDCs before and after stimulation with TNF-alpha or house dust mite (HDM) antigen, from 9 house dust mite (HDM)-allergic asthmatic patients and 8 normal control subjects by flow cytometry. Primary MoDCs from HDM-allergic asthmatics showed a greater expression of histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR and mannose receptor (MR), but not of CD80, CD86 or intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), than those from normal subjects (P < 0.05). After stimulation with TNF-alpha or HDM, DCs from asthmatic patients showed a greater expression of HLA-DR, CD86 and ICAM-1, than those from normal subjects. In HDM-allergic asthmatic patients, MR expression on DCs significantly declined after stimulation by HDM compared with stimulation by TNF-alpha (P < 0.05). Results suggest that the reduction of MR expression may be characteristic on mature DCs after HDM exposure in allergic asthma.
出版者
Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
ISSN
1346-8049
書誌ID
AA00892882
掲載誌名
Yonago Acta medica
最新掲載誌名
Yonago Acta medica
42
1
開始ページ
1
終了ページ
10
発行日
1999-03
著者版フラグ
出版社版
著作権表記
Yonago Acta medica 編集委員会
掲載情報
Yonago Acta medica. 1999, 42(1), 1-10
部局名
医学部・医学系研究科・医学部附属病院
言語
英語