フルテキストファイル
著者
Indarto Dono Department of Biosignaling, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
Izawa Masao Department of Biosignaling, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
キーワード
endocrine disruptors
receptor-mediated actions
steroid hormones
抄録
It has been accepted that receptor-mediated action of steroid hormones depends on both the receptor and the hormonal level. The mechanism of transcription by steroid receptors is mediated by cofactors, which function as co-activators or co-repressors, while their non-genomic actions depend on receptors localized to the cell membrane. Recently, a number of environmental chemicals, which are now termed as endocrine disruptors, have been identified, and their unwanted effects on our lives have become serious problems all over the world. Their adverse effects on endocrine systems in animals, mostly estrogenic or anti-estrogenic, have resulted in reproductive malfunction and developmental disorders. Although aryl hydrocarbons exhibit estrogenic or anti-estrogenic activity through specific interaction with aryl hydrocarbon receptors, other chemicals seem to interact directly with estrogen receptors, α and β forms. In this paper, we surveyed the most recent understanding of endocrine disruptors from the viewpoint of steroid receptor systems. We suggest two potential mechanisms of action for endocrine disruptors. Endocrine distruptors i) directly associate with steroid receptor systems and/or ii) associate with the growth factor or the neurotransmitter receptor systems, and then upregulate the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling cascades, leading to the ligand-independent activation of steroid receptor systems. Using these steroid receptor-dependent mechanisms, it appears that endocrine disruptors disorder our endocrine systems. We have proposed future suggestions to further understand endocrine disruptors from the viewpoint of steroid receptor systems.
出版者
Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
ISSN
1346-8049
書誌ID
AA00892882
掲載誌名
Yonago Acta medica
最新掲載誌名
Yonago Acta medica
44
1
開始ページ
1
終了ページ
6
発行日
2001-03
著者版フラグ
出版社版
著作権表記
Yonago Acta medica 編集委員会
掲載情報
Yonago Acta medica. 2001, 44(1), 1-6
部局名
医学部・医学系研究科・医学部附属病院
言語
英語