フルテキストファイル
著者
Ohba, Sawako Work-Life Balance Support Center, Tottori University Hospital
小枝 達也 Department of Psychosocial Medicine, National Center for Child Health and Development KAKEN
大栗 聖由 Department of Medical Technology, Kagawa Prefectural University of Health Sciences 研究者総覧
岡西 徹 Division of Child Neurology, Brain and Neuroscience, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University 研究者総覧 KAKEN
前垣 義弘 Division of Child Neurology, Brain and Neuroscience, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University 研究者総覧 KAKEN
キーワード
early diagnosis
education
dyscalculia
learning disabilities, mathematics
quick test
抄録
Background: Mathematical learning difficulty (MLD) during school years results from several factors, including dyscalculia. Traditional diagnostic tests for dyscalculia are time intensive and require skilled specialists. This prospective cohort study aimed to reveal that the less time intensive Fundamental Calculative Ability Test (FCAT), administered in first grade, can predict the outcome of mathematical school achievement, which was measured with the curriculum-based mathematical test for second grade (1.2 years after FCAT). Methods: A total of 362 Japanese first- and second-grade children participated. A new quick test measuring fundamental calculative abilities, the FCAT, ordinal, radix, addition, and subtraction, was conducted for the first graders (mean age: 7.1 years). Mathematical school achievement was measured during the tests [mathematics curriculum-based test in Tottori Prefecture (MCBT)] for first (MCBT-1, mean age: 7.3 years) and second graders (MCBT-2, mean age: 8.3 years). We analyzed the associations between FCAT and MCBT-1 and 2 using univariate regression analysis, and cutoff values for mathematical learning difficulty (MLD) at MCBT-2 using the rating operation curve and Youden index. MLD was set as a score of lower than 20% on the MCBT. Results: The FCAT score was significantly associated with the MCBT-1 (regression coefficient: 0.67, P < 0.001) and MCBT-2 scores (regression coefficient: 0.50, P < 0.001). A cutoff value of 47 points (deviation score: 47) at the FCAT score predicted MLD at MCBT-2 (sensitivity: 0.77, specificity: 0.73). For 62 participants with MLD at MCBT-1 score, FCAT scores below the cutoff value of 40 points (deviation score: 35) were at high risk of MLD at MCBT-2 (odds ratio: 6.2). Conclusion: The FCAT is easily conducted in a short time during regular schools and can predict mathematical school achievement. It can be used for the early diagnosis of children with mathematical problems.
出版者
Tottori University Medical Press
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
外部リンク
ISSN
05135710
EISSN
13468049
書誌ID
AA00892882
掲載誌名
Yonago Acta Medica
最新掲載誌名
Yonago Acta Medica
65
3
開始ページ
238
終了ページ
243
発行日
2022-08-29
出版者DOI
著者版フラグ
出版社版
著作権表記
(C) 2022 Tottori University Medical Press.
掲載情報
Yonago Acta Medica. 2022, 65(3), 238-243. doi10.33160/yam.2022.08.010
部局名
医学部・医学系研究科・医学部附属病院
言語
英語