フルテキストファイル
著者
尾崎 米厚 Division of Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University 研究者総覧 KAKEN
大槻 均 Division of Medical Zoology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University 研究者総覧 KAKEN
今本 彩 Division of Pediatrics and Perinatology, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University 研究者総覧
金城 文 Division of Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University 研究者総覧 KAKEN
藤井 麻耶 Division of Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University 研究者総覧
桑原 祐樹 Division of Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University 研究者総覧
近藤 陽子 Division of Medical Zoology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University 研究者総覧
陶山 淑子 Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 研究者総覧 KAKEN
キーワード
Social crisis
COVID-19 pandemic
Suicide
Earthquake
Mortality
抄録
We aimed to observe the changes in suicide rates after the Great East Japan Earthquake and during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, as typical cases of social crises, in Japan. A descriptive epidemiological study was conducted using data on the number of deaths by suicide published by the National Police Agency. The suicide rate ratio during the crisis—the monthly suicide mortality rate in the year of the crisis divided by the average suicide mortality rate in the three years before the crisis—was used as the indicator. After the earthquake, in March 2011 the suicide rate was 18% lower than the average mortality rate for the previous three years. However, it increased by 18% in May and 8% in June; increased mortality was observed among women. The suicide rate began to decline after October 2011. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the suicide rate decreased from February to June 2020. The declines in April and May were significant at 20% and 18%, respectively. From July onwards, the suicide rate of women began to rise, and from October, the overall suicide also began to increase. The rise in female suicide rates was significant, especially in October, with an increase of 70%. Thus, during these crises, suicide rates fell temporarily but then rose, especially among women. The period of increase in suicide rates was longer during the COVID-19 pandemic than after the earthquake. Therefore, there is an urgent need to promote measures for suicide prevention currently, and during a future crisis.
出版者
Elsevier.
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
外部リンク
ISSN
00223956
掲載誌名
Journal of Psychiatric Research
最新掲載誌名
Journal of Psychiatric Research
140
開始ページ
39
終了ページ
44
発行日
2021-08
出版者DOI
著者版フラグ
著者版
著作権表記
(C) 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
掲載情報
Osaki, Yoneatsu. Otsuki, Hitoshi. Imamoto, Aya. et al. Suicide rates during social crises: Changes in the suicide rate in Japan after the Great East Japan earthquake and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 140. 39-44. 2021-08-31.
部局名
医学部・医学系研究科・医学部附属病院
言語
英語
pii
S0022-3956(21)00304-6